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Digital Citizenship: Engagement

Digital Engagement

Students engage in positive, safe, legal and ethical behavior when using technology, including social interactions online or when using networked devices.


Netiquette refers to the etiquette, or code of behavior, used when communicating over the internet. Dependent upon the context, rules of netiquette can be formal or informal.

Fake News

Filter Bubble

Tendancy for internet users to see only news & ideas that they agree with, or have interest in, due to personalization algorithms of search engine results and social media platform feeds (Jon Martindale, Digital Trends).

Confirmation Bias

When we are drawn to information that aligns with our world views and when we hold onto these beliefs, even in the face of compelling evidence to the contrary (NPR).


Information that is unintentionally false. (QuoraStack Exchange)


False information which is intended to mislead, especially propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media (Oxford English Dictionary).


Something (such as a headline) designed to make readers want to click on a hyperlink especially when the link leads to content of dubious value or interest (Merriam Webster Dictionary).  It is often paid for by the advertiser or generates income based on the number of clicks (Urban Dictionary).

Online Abuse

Types of online harassment:

  • Cyberbullying
  • Cyberstalking
  • Hacking
  • Doxing
  • Hate speech
  • Threats of violence or intimidation
  • Extortion
  • Counseling suicide
  • Online impersonation
  • Unwanted sexual conduct
  • Non-consensual distribution of intimate images

For more see Online Harassment Field Manual 

Are you a victim of online harassment? Crash Override is a crisis helpline and advocacy group for those who have experienced online abuse. 

Defamation is the communication of a statement which ruins or diminishes the reputation of an individual or organization. ~ Key concepts in journalism studies

TIps to avoid internet defamation:

1) Don't post messages when you are angry

2) When posting a review, choose your words wisely and always post the truth. 

3) Watch what you repost. Don't repost anything that can be considered defmation