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MLA Citation: eBooks

Select the blue tab for the type of citation you need.

List of Core Elements

If these elements are available, include them in your citation:

  • Author
  • Title of source: book, article, poem, song, art object
  • Title of Container: book that is a collection, periodical (journal, magazine, newspaper), television series, website, database
  • Other Contributors: editors, illustrators, translators, directors, actors, etc.
  • Version: edition or version (e-book, Kindle ed.)
  • Number: volume in a multi-volume set, journal volume and issue numbers, TV series season and episode
  • Publisher: publishing house, TV or film production company, website, blog network.
  • Publication date
  • Location: page(s), URL, disc number in a DVD set

Optional Elements:

  • City of Publication for works published before 1900
  • Date of Access: recommended
  • URL: recommended
  • DOI: if available, use instead of a URL

E-Book Examples



Author(s). Title of Book. Publisher or City of Publication for works

     published before 1900, Publication Date, page(s) only if visible in

      the documentName of Database/Website/E-Book Collection

     Title, URL.


Adams, Henry. The Education of Henry Adams. Houghton Mifflin, 1918. Great Books Online,

Child, L. Maria, editor. The Freedmen's Book. Boston, 1866, p.9. Google Books,    


Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. Oxford UP, 1994, pp.24-25. Ebook Central,

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass. Brooklyn, 1855. The Walt Whitman Archive,

An e-book, that lacks a URL and that you use software to read on a personal device or computer, is considered a version:

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., e-book, Modern Language Association of America, 2016.

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Kindle ed., Modern Language Association of America,