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MLA Citation: Books

Select the blue tab for the type of citation you need.

List of Core Elements

If these elements are available, include them in your citation:

  • Author
  • Title of source: book, article, poem, song, art object
  • Title of Container: book that is a collection, periodical (journal, magazine, newspaper), television series, website, database
  • Other Contributors: editors, illustrators, translators, directors, actors, etc.
  • Version: edition or version (e-book, Kindle ed.)
  • Number: volume in a multi-volume set, journal volume and issue numbers, TV series season and episode
  • Publisher: publishing house, TV or film production company, website, blog network.
  • Publication date
  • Location: page(s), URL, disc number in a DVD set

Optional Elements:

  • City of Publication for works published before 1900
  • Date of Access: recommended
  • URL: recommended
  • DOI: if available, use instead of a URL

Book Examples


Book with No Author


Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.


Primary Colors: A Novel of Politics. Random House, 1996.


Book with One Author/Editor


Author. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication



Barth, Roland S. Learning by Heart. Jossey-Bass, 2001.

Kelin, Kathleen Gregory, editor. Great Women Mystery

      WritersGreenwood Press, 1994.



Book with Two or Three Authors/Editors



Authors. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication



Killam, Douglas and Ruth Rowe, editors. The Companion

      to African Literatures. Indiana UP*, 2000.

Landre, Rick, Mike Miller, and Dee Porter. Gangs:

      A Handbook for Community Awareness. Facts on File,


* University Press


Book with Four or More Authors/Editors


First Author, et al. Title of Book. Publisher,

      Publication Date.


Plag, Ingo, et al. Introduction to English Linguistics.

       Mouton, 2007.


Edition or Multivolume Work


Author(s). Title of Book. # ed. Publisher,

      Publication Date. # vols.


Baym, Nina, editor. The Norton Anthology of American

      Literature. 6th ed. Norton, 2003. 5 vols.



Article in a Reference Book

(Encyclopedias, Dictionaries)


Author(s). "Title of the article." Title of the

      Reference Book# ed., vol #. Publisher,

      Publication Date.


Allen, Anita L. "Privacy in Health Care." Encyclopedia of

      Bioethics3rd ed. Macmillan-Thomson, 2004

Heavy.” Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., vol. 7,

      Clarendon Press1989.

In-text citation: (“Heavy,” def. A.18)


Translation of Works


Author(s). Title of BookTranslated  by

      Translator's Name. Publisher, Publication



Homer. The Odyssey. Translated by Robert Fagles

      Viking, 1996.