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MLA Citation: In-Text Citations

Select the blue tab for the type of citation you need.

Citing Sources

When you use a quote, idea, or information from a source in your paper, you must cite the source in your Works Cited list.

To cite an idea:

Coca-Cola was originally invented by an American pharmacist to be used as a stimulating tonic (Standage 5).

To cite a quote:

"Coffee promoted clarity of thought, making it the ideal drink for scientists, businessmen, and philosophers" (Standage 4).


The in-text citations in parentheses point readers to the corresponding entry in the Works Cited list:

Standage, Tom. A History of the World in 6 Glasses. Walker and Company, 2005.


In-Text Citation Examples



Work with one author

Marcuse made this claim (148-49).

"This claim initiated the new research" (Marcuse 148-49).


Work with two authors

Hunt and Wilkins dispute this point (45).

This point is disputed (Hunt and Wilkins 45).


Work with three or more authors

Baxter et al. argue... (203).

(Baxter et al. 203).


Multivolume work

In volume 2, Williams notes... (30).

(Williams  2: 30).


Work with no author

Immunization in Texas: A Survey notes... (3)

Despite an apparent decline ... (Immunization 3)

Work by a corporate author (National Research Council 15).


More than one work by same author in the list of works cited

(Hawthorne, The Scarlett Letter 15).

(Hawthorne, The Blithedale Romance 40).


Internet and other types of sources


Consult the Purdue OWL (click and scroll down to Citing non-print and other sources from the Internet).