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MLA Citation: eBooks

Select the blue tab for the type of citation you need.

List of Core Elements

If these elements are available, include them in your citation:

  • Author
  • Title of source: book, article, poem, song, art object
  • Title of Container: book that is a collection, periodical (journal, magazine, newspaper), television series, website, database
  • Other Contributors: editors, illustrators, translators, directors, actors, etc.
  • Version: edition or version (e-book, Kindle ed.)
  • Number: volume in a multi-volume set, journal volume and issue numbers, TV series season and episode
  • Publisher: publishing house, TV or film production company, website, blog network.
  • Publication date
  • Location: page(s), URL, disc number in a DVD set

Optional Elements:

  • City of Publication for works published before 1900
  • Date of Access: recommended
  • URL: recommended
  • DOI: if available, use instead of a URL

E-Book Examples

E-Books        

 

Author(s). Title of Book. Publisher or City of Publication for works

     published before 1900, Publication Date, page(s) only if visible in

      the documentName of Database/Website/E-Book Collection

     Title, URL.

 

Adams, Henry. The Education of Henry Adams. Houghton Mifflin, 1918.

      Bartleby.com: Great Books Online, bartleby.com/159/.

Child, L. Maria, editor. The Freedmen's Book. Boston, 1866, p.9. Google Books,     

       books.google.com/books?id=dccSAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source

      =gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false.

Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. Oxford UP, 1994, pp.24-25. Ebook Central,

       ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uhdowntown/detail.action?docID=3008625.

Whitman, Walt. Leaves of Grass. Brooklyn, 1855. The Walt Whitman Archive,

      whitmanarchive.org/published/LG/1855/whole.html.

An e-book, that lacks a URL and that you use software to read on a personal device or computer, is considered a version:

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., e-book, Modern Language Association of America, 2016.

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Kindle ed., Modern Language Association of America,

      2016.