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APA Citation: In-Text Citations

Select the blue tab for the type of citation you need.

Citing Sources

When you use a quote, idea, or information from a source in your paper, you must cite the source in your References list.

For example:

Coca-Cola was originally invented by an American pharmacist to be used as a stimulating tonic (Standage, 2005, p. 5).

The in-text citation "(Standage, 2005, p. 5)" points readers to the following citation in the References list.

Standage, T. (2005). A History of the World in 6 Glasses. New York: Walker and Company.

In-Text Citation Examples

 

One author

 

 

Marcuse (2003, p. 148) made this claim.

or

This claim has been made (Marcuse, 2003, p. 148).

 

 

Two authors

 

 

Hunt and Wilkins (2007, pp. 45-47) dispute this point.

or

This point is disputed (Hunt & Wilkins, 2007, pp. 45-47).

 

 

Three to five authors

(first instance)

 

Baxter, Smith, Taylor, and Hunt...this proposal (2005, pp. 203-05).

or

...this proposal (Baxter, Smith, Taylor, & Hunt, 2005, pp 203-05).

 

Three to five authors

(subsequent instances)


Baxter et al. (2005) made this proposal.

or

... this proposal (Baxter et al., 2005).

Six or more authors

 

Johnson et al. (2010) argued...

or

.... was argued (Johnson et al., 2010).

 

 

Work with no author

 

 

The book College Bound Seniors (2008)...

or

("A New Strategy for Fighting AIDS," 2001).

 

 

Work by a corporate author

 

 

The National Research Council (2005) states...

or

(National Research Council, 2005).

 

Two or more works in the

same parentheses

 

(Harlow, 1999; Smith, 2001)

 

 

 

Two or more works by the

same author in the same year


Studies by Jones (2009a) showed that...

Jones (2009b) also showed that...